Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronavirus

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Coronaviruses are respiratory viruses named for the crown-like spikes on the surface of the virus.

These range from viruses that cause the common cold to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). The latest coronavirus is called the coronavirus (COVID-19).


Spreads through close personal contact with someone sick or exposed.

Close contact is defined as being within approximately six feet of another person.

Coronavirus


Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Call your health care provider if you have symptoms and a fever higher than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit.

Coronavirus


Prevention

  • Wash your hands frequently with warm soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol if you are unable to wash your hands.
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
  • Avoid close contact (about six feet) with other people.
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces that are touched daily, such as keyboards, doorknobs, tables, remotes or light switches. You can disinfect using diluted bleach, alcohol solutions with at least 70% alcohol and some common household disinfectants (please check the label).

If you feel you are sick, you should:

  • Stay home to limit the spread.
  • Cough into a tissue or your elbow.
  • Wear a face mask in public spaces.
  • If you have a fever higher than 100.4 degrees, call your health care provider.

If you feel you are sick, you should notify your provider before arriving at the clinic if possible. This will help ensure staff make the most appropriate disease control preparations.

Coronavirus

General Facts

Q How do I know if I have the coronavirus (COVID-19)?

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A

The CDC is making available a test specifically to determine whether patients have the coronavirus (COVID-19). General testing by your health care provider will not identify the novel strain.

Symptoms of the coronavirus (COVID-19) may appear in as few as two days, or in as many as 14 days after exposure. Symptoms can include: fever, cough and shortness of breath. Call your health care provider if you have these symptoms.

Unless your symptoms are severe, call your health care provider first, rather than showing up in the office or Emergency Room. When you call or visit, be sure to note your symptoms.

Q If I get the coronavirus (COVID-19), will I die?

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A

Not likely, based on what we know now. The people most likely to get seriously ill from this virus are people over 60 and those with pre-existing health conditions. Currently it is estimated that for every 100 cases of the coronavirus (COVID-19), between two and four people would die. This is very different from severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), where nearly 10 in 100 sick people died from the illness.

Q I see people wearing masks, should I be doing that?

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A

No. Health officials in the U.S. do not recommend the use of masks among the general public. It is more effective for people who are already sick to wear masks if they must be out in public spaces. If you are not sick, washing your hands with warm soap and water for at least 20 seconds and not touching your eyes, nose or mouth can help prevent the spread of the virus.

Q How can I protect myself if I am over the age of 60?

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A

If you are over the age of 60, stay home as much as possible, avoid crowds and non-essential travel.

To prevent the coronavirus (COVID-19), you should:

  • Wash your hands frequently with warm soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol if you are unable to wash your hands.
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
  • Avoid close contact (about six feet) with other people.
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces that are touched daily, such as keyboards, doorknobs, tables, remotes or light switches. You can disinfect using diluted bleach, alcohol solutions with at least 70% alcohol and some common household disinfectants (please check the label).

To prepare for staying at home, you should also:

  • Contact your health care provider to ask about getting extra necessary medications.
  • Consider mail-order for medications if you cannot get extra.
  • Make sure you have over-the-counter medicines and tissues at home.
  • Have your groceries delivered or brought to your home by family or friends.

Q How can I protect myself if I am pregnant?

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A

Since there is no vaccine or medication, the best way to prevent the coronavirus (COVID-19) is to avoid being exposed to it.

You can protect yourself the following ways:

  • Wash your hands frequently with warm soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol if you are unable to wash your hands.
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
  • Avoid close contact (about six feet) with other people.
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces that are touched daily, such as keyboards, doorknobs, tables, remotes or light switches. You can disinfect using diluted bleach, alcohol solutions with at least 70% alcohol and some common household disinfectants (please check the label).

If you feel you are sick, you should:

  • Stay home to limit the spread.
  • Cough into a tissue or your elbow.
  • Wear a face mask in public spaces.
  • If you have a fever higher than 100.4 degrees, go to the emergency room.

If you feel you are sick, and you go into labor, you should notify your provider before arriving at the hospital if possible. This will help ensure staff make the most appropriate disease control preparations and support a safe, healthy delivery for you and your baby.

Do's and Don'ts:

Do:

Stay home

Wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds

Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue

Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces

If soap and water aren’t available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizer

Don’t:

Shake hands

Touch your face

Go to the doctor if you aren’t sick

Stockpile masks or gloves

For the most current updates:

Please visit the CDC or San Diego County websites or text COSD COVID19 to 468-311 to get text alerts from the County.

If you would like to speak to your provider, call (619) 515-2300.

Resources:

Please continue to check back as this section will be updated as we receive additional information. 
Source: Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology

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